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Title page of Chapman, Architectura Navalis Mercatoria, 1768

 

Zeitgenössische Pläne historischer Schiffe

von Fredrik Henrik af Chapman,

Architectura Navalis Mercatoria, 1768

   

Der schwedische Schiffbauer Fedrik Henrik af Chapman veröffentliche 1768 in Stockholm die Zeichnungen von zahlreichen Schiffen in seinem Buch "Architectura Navalis Mercatoria". Es enthält 62 Tafeln ("Plates") und theoretische Überlegungen aus jener Zeit. Das klassische Werk.

Alle seine Tafeln stehen zum Download zur Verfügung auf der Website des Stockholmer Marinemuseums (Sjöhistoriska Museet):

http://www.sjohistoriska.se/sv/Fordjupning/Sok-i-samlingarna/Arkiv/F-H-af-Chapmans-arkiv/ChapmanNet/ChapmanNet1/

  

Leider haben die Museumsmitarbeiter auf der Website nicht den Index mit aufgeführt, in dem Chapman Informationen zu den dargestellten Schiffen gegeben hatte: die Länge, Breite, Tiefgang, Ladekapazität in Tonnen, Anzahl der Kanonen auf den Kriegsschiffen und den Kaperfahrzeugen, deren Besatzung und die Anzahl der Riemenpaare bei den kleineren Booten.

  

Unten angeführt sind Tabellen mit dem englischen Index seines Werks, "Index and description of the draughts contained in this work". Die Scans des Original-Inhaltsverzeichnis sind mit aufgeführt. Viele Tafeln enthalten mehrere Zeichnungen ("Draughts"), die in der zweiten Spalte aufgeführt sind. Insgesamt sind es 182 Zeichnungen von einzelnen Schiffen.

Die Längenangaben sind in englischen Fuß, 1 ft = 30,48 cm .

Fast alle Tafeln zeigen nur die Linienrisse der Schiffe. Die zugehörigen Takelagen sind in Tafel 62 aufgeführt.

 

Beim Erstellen der Tabellen wurde die Schreibweise von Chapman weitgehend übernommen. Manche Begriffe haben heute jedoch eine etwas andere Bedeutung. Chapman unterschied fünf Hauptgruppen nach der Art der Rumpfkonstruktion. Frigate, Hagboat und Pink (Fregatte, Heckboot und Pinke) besaßen ein Galion wie Kriegsschiffe gleicher Größe, während Catt und Bark (Katt und Bark) ohne Galion und recht bauchig im Bug gebaut waren.

  

  

Merchant  Ships or Vessels (scan of original index)
Number
of the
Plate
Number
of the
Draught
Nature of the Vessels,
as to their Shape and Rigging
  
Length between the perpen-diculars of Stem and Sternpost Breadth Moulded Draught of water as it is on the plan The greatest Draught of water, to which the Vessel may reasonably be loaded The real Burthen in Tons at the greatest Draught of water
1st Class Feet Feet Feet Feet
I 1 Frigate built, Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 160 41.4 22.1 22.7 1140
II 2 Frigate built, Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 149 39 20.6 21.2 900
III 3 Frigate built, Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 136 36 19 19.7 761
IV 4 Frigate built, Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 124.2 33.7 17.5 18.5 572
V 5 Frigate built, Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 115 31.2 16.1 16.7 424
V 6 Frigate built, Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 100.2 28.6 14.1 14.7 307
VI 7 Frigate built, Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 89 26 13 13.3 244
VI 8 Frigate built, Snow Rigging (see LXII, No. 2) 77.4 24 11.3 11.9 160
VII 9 Frigate built, Scooner Rigging (see LXII, No. 6) 79.5 20.6 8.1 8.6 115
VII 10 Frigate built, Sloop Rigging (see LXII, No. 12) 54.3 18 8.2 8.8 65
2nd Class
VIII 11 Hagboat,  Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 156.2 38.9 21.2 21.2 1164
IX 12 Hagboat,  Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 144.3 36.2 19.2 19.2 903
X 13 Hagboat,  Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 132.5 34.5 18.3 18.5 716
XI 14 Hagboat,  Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 122.4 32.2 16.2 17.1 548
3rd Class
XII 15 Pink, Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 109.2 29.5 15.3 15.6 416
XII 16 Pink, Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 97.8 26.3 13.9 14.3 309
XIII 17 Pink, Snow Rigging (see LXII, No. 2) 86 24.4 12.4 12.8 215
XIII 18 Pink, Briggantine Rigging (see LXII, No. 4) 74.5 21.7 10.8 11.6 149
XIV 19 Pink, Briggantine Rigging (see LXII, No. 4) 62.8 18.8 9.3 9.7 89
XIV 20 Pink, Sloop Rigging (see LXII, No. 12) 51.3 16.6 7.8 8.2 52
4th Class
XV 21 Catt, Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 151.8 37.5 19.5 19.5 1097
XVI 22 Catt, Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 141 35.5 18.5 18.5 833
XVII 23 Catt, Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 130.8 33.1 17.5 17.5 711
XVIII 24 Catt, Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 118.3 30.5 16.1 16.6 575
XVIII 25 Catt, Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 106.5 28 14.9 15.5 446
XIX 26 Catt, Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 95.4 25.6 13.3 13.8 340
XIX 27 Catt, Snow Rigging (see LXII, No. 2) 83.5 22.8 11.9 12.5 237
XX 28 Catt, Briggantine Rigging (see LXII, No. 4) 72 20.3 10.3 10.9 153
XX 29 Catt, Sloop Rigging (see LXII, No. 12) 60.3 18 8.8 9.1 93
XX 30 Catt, Sloop Rigging (see LXII, No. 12) 48.5 15.1 7.2 7.2 43
5th Class
XXI 31 Bark, Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 150.8 38 20 20.8 1257
XXII 32 Bark, Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 138.4 33.8 18.5 19.5 996
XXIII 33 Bark, Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 127.3 32.3 17.3 18.2 840
XXIV 34 Bark, Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 115.7 29.8 15.8 16.5 608
XXIV 35 Bark, Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 103.8 27 14.3 15 455
XXV 36 Bark, Snow Rigging (see LXII, No. 2) 92.8 24.3 12.8 13.5 316
XXV 37 Bark, Briggantine Rigging (see LXII, No. 4) 80.8 21.7 11.3 11.8 227
XXVI 38 Bark, Briggantine Rigging (see LXII, No. 4) 68.8 19.5 9.5 10.3 139
XXVI 39 Bark, Sloop Rigging (see LXII, No. 12) 57.3 17.7 8.3 8.6 84
XXVI 40 Bark, Sloop Rigging (see LXII, No. 12) 45.8 15 6.7 6.8 41
Vessels of small Draught of Water
XXVII 1 Flyboat  (fluyt), Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 128.3 29.6 11.8 14.1 618
XXVIII 2 Bark, Frigate Rigging (see LXII, No. 1) 108.7 26.3 9.8 12.4 416
XXVIII 3 Bark, Snow Rigging (see LXII, No. 2) 93.3 23.4 8.8 10.9 258
XXVII 4 Bark, Scooner Rigging (see LXII, No. 6) 80 21.5 8 9 159
XIV 5 Bark, Galeas Rigging (see LXII, No. 9) 68 19.5 7.8 8.3 110
VII 6 Bark, Sloop Rigging (see LXII, No. 12) 58.5 17.6 7.6 7.9 84
XXIX 7 Bark, Briggantine Rigging (see LXII, No. 4) 72.4 20.5 8.3 9.2 142
XXIX 8 Bark, Kray Rigging (see LXII, No. 10) 72 18.5 6.6 6.8 81
XXIX 9 Bark, Sloop Rigging (see LXII, No. 12) 45 14.7 5.4 5.4 30
XXIX 10 Bark, Sloop Rigging (see LXII, No. 12) 37.2 13.7 4.7 4.7 17
XXX 11 Pink, Ketch Rigging (see LXII, No. 3) 78.8 25.6 10.8 10.8 137
XXX 12 Hoy, Chalke Rigging (see LXII, No. 13) 67 17.7 6.8 7.6 110
XXX 13 Bark, Galeas Rigging (see LXII, No. 9) 67 21.5 7.8 7.8 93
XXVIII 14 Bark, Galeas Rigging (see LXII, No. 9) 62.5 16.8 6.3 6.8 74
XXX 15 Lighter 49.3 13.8 - 15.8 5.4 5.4 41
XXX 16 Ferry boat 49.3 11.8 2 - -

 

 

Vessels for Swift Sailing and Rowing (scan of original index)
Number
of the
Plate
Number
of the
Draught
What kind of Vessels
 
Length between the perpen-diculars of Stem and Sternpost Breadth Moulded Draught of water Oars
Packet Boats Feet Feet Feet  
XLI 1 Frigate 81.5 22.6 10.7 -
XLI 2 Scooner 73.8 18.5 8.5 -
XLII 3 Sloop, with two sorts of Frames,
for more or less draught of water
60.4 17.6 5.9 - 8.2 -
XLII 4 Scooner 54.6 15.6 7.1 -
XLII 5 Sloop or Yacht 38.3 13.3 5.5 -
Pleasure Vessels For Sailing
XLIII 1 Frigate 76.5 22.4 8.3 -
XLIII 2 Scooner 71.9 18.6 6.9 6 pair
XLIV 3 Yacht 52.4 17.1 6.3 -
XLIV 4 Scooner 62.2 16.7 5.8 6 pair
XLV 5 Yacht 42.8 14.8 5 -
XLV 6 Yacht 35 13 4.4 -
XLIV 7 Yacht 31.3 10.5 3.1 -
XLV 8 Yacht 29.3 11.3 4 -
XLV 9 Yacht 25.3 10.2 3.5 -
XLIV 10 Yacht 23.4 7.6 2.5 -
Pleasure Vessels For Rowing
XLVI 1 a Row Galley 121.2 18.2 6.8 16 pair
XLVI 2 a Barge 56.6 10.6 2.6 10 pair
XLVII 3 Barge 50.4 7.8 2 12
XLVII 4 Barge 42.3 6.4 2 10
XLVII 5 Barge 35.3 6.1 1.7 8
XLVII 6 Pinnace 27.3 5.8 1.7 7 or 8
XLVII 7 Pinnace 23.4 5.4 1.7 5
XLVII 8 Pinnace or Yawle 19.8 4.8 1.3 4
Boats, Large and Small, for the use of Ships
XIV 1 Launce (Launch) 36.5 9.8 - 8 pair
XLVIII 2 Launce 29.3 8.5 - 7 pair
XLVIII 3 Launce 24.4 7.2 - 6
XXVI 4 Launce 19.4 5.8 - 5
XLVIII 5 Longboat 33.2 9.8 - 8 pair
XLVIII 6 Longboat 29.3 9 - 7 pair
XLVIII 7 Longboat 25.3 8.1 - 7
XLVIII 8 Longboat 21.5 7.4 - 6
XLVIII 9 Longboat or yawle 17.6 6.5 - 5
XXVI 1 Barge or Pinnace 32.2 6.3 - 10
VII 2 Pinnace 29.3 6.1 - 9
XIII 3 Pinnace 26.3 5.9 - 7
XIII 4 Pinnace 23.3 5.8 - 6
XX 5 Yawle 19.5 5.8 - 5
XX 6 Yawle 17.6 5.7 - 4
XXV 7 Yawle 15.4 5.3 - 4
XXV 8 Yawle 13.6 5.1 - 3
XXV 9 Yawle 11.6 4.8 - 3
XLVIII 10 Yawle 9.8 4.8 - 2
XLVIII 11 Perogue 18.3 4.2 - 2 pair
LIII 10 Boat for Sailing on the Ice - - - -
LIII 11 Proportion of Sails for the same - - - -
 
  
Privateers (scan of original index)
Number
of the
Plate
Number
of the
Draught
Nature of the Vessels,
as to their Rigging
 
Total Number of Carriage Guns    Number of Guns and Weight of the Ball Length between the perpen-diculars of Stem and Sternpost Breadth Moulded Draught
of Water abaft
Height of Gunports above Water a Midships Number of Men including Officers Months Provision Months Water Pair of Oars
   On Deck On Quarterdeck
and Forecastle
   Swivel Guns
 Number  Pound
 Shot
 Number  Pound
 Shot
 Number  Pound
 Shot
                  Feet Feet Feet Feet        
XXXI 1 Frigate 40 28 18 12 6 - - 156.5 39.8 18 8.3 400 5 2.5 -
XXXIII 2 Frigate 38 26 18 12 6 - - 145.5 38 17 6.8 360 5 2.5 -
XXXIV 3 Frigate 34 24 12 10 4 - - 135 34.5 15.5 6.8 310 4.5 2.3 -
XXXV 4 Frigate 32 24 9 8 3 - - 125 32.5 14.8 5.7 260 4.3 2.3 7
XXXVI 5 Frigate 22 20 6 2 4 32 3 116.7 30.7 14.3 4.8 220 4 2 7
XXXVII 6 Frigate 18 18 6 - - 22 3 109 29.3 12.9 4.8 200 4 2 12
XXXVIII 7 Frigate 16 16 6 - - - - 100.3 26.3 11.2 4.5 160 3 1.5 11
XXXVIII 8 Snow 14 14 4 - - 12 3 90.3 24.3 10.3 4.5 115 3 1.5 10
XXXIX 9 Ketch 12 12 4 - - - - 83 22.7 9.7 3.9 90 2.5 1.3 9
XXXIX 10 Ketch 11 10 3 1 18 - - 74 20.5 8.5 3.9 70 2 1 8
XL 11 Scooner 2 - - 2 6 32 3 93.5 23.2 9.3 - 100 2 1 10
XL 12 Scooner 2 2 4 - - 10 3 70 18.5 7.5 - 50 2 1 8
XL 13 Sloop 10 8 3 2 6 - - 62.3 20.5 7.3 3.5 50 2 1 7
XXXII Sections and Contrivances of the Privateer No. 1        
    
  
Several kinds of Vessels used by different Nations (scan of original index)
Number
of the
Plate
Number
of the
Draught
Kind of Vessels
 
Length between the perpen-diculars of Stem and Sternpost Breadth Moulded Draught
of Water
Total Number of Carriage Guns   Number of Guns and Weight of the Ball Swivel Guns Mus-
que-
toons
Pair of Oars
 On Deck On Quarterdeck
and Forecastle
 Number  Pound
 Shot
 Number  Pound
 Shot
  Vessels of War Feet Feet Feet                
LV 9 La Sirenne (La Sirène), a French Frigate 127.3 33.5 15.2 34 26 9 8 4 - - -
LV 10 The Unicorn, an English Frigate 122.5 33.1 17 34 24 9 10 4 - - -
LVI 11 Jaramas, a Swedish Frigate 122.3 32 16.7 32 22 9 10 4 - - -
LVI 12 Blau Hagern (Blaa Hejren), a Danish Frigate 86.5 22.7 11.8 18 18 4 - - - - -
LVII 14 Neptunus, a Privateer, Built at Ostende 79.7 22.7 11.5 16 16 6 - - 8 - 9
LVII 15 a Bermuda Sloop 60.3 21.2 12.3 10 10 4 - - 12 - -
LVII 16 a French Tartane 61 17.2 6.5 8 8 4 - - 4 - -
LVIII 17 an Algerine Chebec 127 25.2 9.3 28 16 6 4 + 8 12 + 3 - 30 9
LVIII 18 La Capitana, a Row Galley of Malta 179.5 24.3 8.3 5 2 + 2 9 + 6 1 36 18 18 30
XLIX 1 The Carolina Yacht, belonging to his Brittanik Majesty 90.7 24 10 8 8 4 - - 6 - -
LX 6 an English Cutter 54 22.4 10.8 12 12 3 - - 14 - 5
                           
    Merchant Ships or Vessels                      
LI 1 an English East Indiaman 129.8 33.3 19.3 - - - - - - - -
LII 2 an English West India Trader 97 27 15.8 - - - - - - - -
LII 3 a French Trader, River Built 57.5 17.3 10 - - - - - - - -
LIII 5 La Chameau Flute, a French Store Ship 147.5 31.7 14.8 - - - - - - - -
LIII 6 a Dutch Flyboat (fluyt) 132.5 29.7 14.5 - - - - - - - -
LIV 7 a Dutch Smack 87.2 22 8 - - - - - - - -
LIV 8 a Dutch Hoy, with Three Masts 107.2 26.7 13.3 - - - - - - - -
LX 7 a Dutch Hoy, with Two Masts 81 23 9.2 - - - - - - - -
LX 9 a Scoote, used by the Finlanders 61.5 25 7.8 - - - - - - - -
   
    
Several kinds of Vessels used by different Nations (scan of original index)
Number
of the
Plate
Number
of the
Draught
Kind of Vessels
   
Length between the perpen-diculars of Stem and Sternpost Breadth Moulded Draught of water
Fishing Vessels Feet Feet      Feet
LIX 1 a Dutch Dogger, for Carrying Lobsters 63 18.7 8.7
LIX 2 an English Herring Buss 66 16.2 9
LIX 3 an English Smack for Flattfish 38.2 13.3 6.4
LX 4 a Vessel with a well for Carrying Fish used at Stockholm 42.7 12.8 -
LX 5 One d:o less of the same kind (smaller vessel as type above) 17.7 5.8 -
           
Different sorts of smaller Vessels
LVI 19 Galleas, a Baltick Vessel 48.5 14.4 5.8
L 7 a Spanish Bark, used in Cadix 44 12.5 -
L 11 an English Hoy or Lighter 51 16.5 8
L 12 a Hopper, for Carrying of Ballast 37.8 16.7 -
L 13 Chalk Barge, an English Vessel 56 15.3 -
LII 4 a Close Lighter, English 42.5 18.4 5.8
XLIX 2 a 8 oared Barge, English 43.8 6.2 -
XLIX 3 a Dutch Heeren Yacht 46.3 15.6 -
XLIX 4 a Dutch Scout or Boyert 25.3 8.3 -
L 5 a Swedish Boyert, or Pleasure boat 34.2 11.7 -
L 6 a Norway Yawl for Sailing 20.7 7.8 -
L 8 a Venetian Gondole 36.2 4.5 -
L 9 a English Wherry 26 5 -
L 10 a Greenland Pinnace, for Whale fishery 24.5 5.3 -
XLI 14 a French Pinnace of 6 oars 30.3 7.7 -
LX 8 a French Felouque of 10 pair of oars 42.3 8.6 -

  
Launching and manner of Rigging (scan of original index)
Number
of the
Plate
Number
of the
Draught

   
Three different Methods of Launching Ships
LXI 1 the French
LXI 2 the English
LXI 3 the Dutch
     
    Several Figures, Representing the different manners of Rigging,
which are most in use in the Northern Countrys
LXII 1 Frigate or Ship
LXII 2 Snow
LXII 3 Ketch
LXII 4 Brigg
LXII 5 Billander
LXII 6 Scooner
LXII 7 Dogger
LXII 8 Dutch Hoy
LXII 9 Galleas, used in the Baltick
LXII 10 Kray, used in Finland
LXII 11 Ketch-yacht, used in the Baltick
LXII 12 Sloop
LXII 13 a Dutch Chalke
LXII 14 English Hoy
LXII 15 English Cutter
LXII 16 Tartane, with Latin Sails
LXII 17 Pleasure boat or Yacht
LXII 18 French Longboat, with a Latin Sail
LXII 19 a Longboat
LXII 20 Deal Cutter
LXII 21 Pinnace
LXII 22 French Fishingboat, on the Coast of Britany
LXII 23 Yawle
LXII 24 Yawle, used by the Pilots at Stockholm